GM. Volumen 129, Suplemento Nº1. Mayo, 2021






Comisiones Científicas para el bienio 2020-2022



Innovative Research in Clinical Approaches in Health Psychology. Lorena Cudris-Torres, Valmore Bermúdez, Raúl A Gutiérrez García

The National Academy of Medicine of Venezuela, interested in studying in-depth phenomena that affect the mental health of the human being from a biopsychosocial perspective, took the initiative to publish this supplement of the Gaceta Medica de Caracas dedicated to innovative research in Clinical Psychology and Health. We especially appreciate the invitation of the Board of Directors of the Academy and the Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Manuel Velasco, to prepare this supplement, as well as the great support, received from the Senior Editor, Dr. Anita Stern Israel.


Academic tutorship and personal tutorship student’s postgraduate with anxiety. Adrián Abrego Ramírez

Anxiety in university students is a problem that has a high prevalence, one of the factors that can influence is education, although it also needs to make use of different resources to improve care This activity has to be done by considering quality, maintaining good and appropriate didactic practice, revising general education results, and by carrying on tutorship, a supporting alternative.

Eating habits in mexican schooled children. Bárbara de los Ángeles Pérez Pedraza, Iris Rubi Monroy Velasco, Elda Madaí Lara Acosta

In Mexico, 35.5 % of school-age children are overweight or obese, the main cause of this excess is related to eating habits. A multivariate study was carried out to predict the eating habits of school children in function of social eating norms and perceived food advertising. Through random sampling, 132 girls and boys from upper primary were selected, to whom a questionnaire was applied to measure eating habits, food social norms, and perceived food advertising.

Association and impact between moral development by depression and anxiety in university students in Mexico. Rogaciano González-González, Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García, Abraham Sánchez Ruiz, María Abigail Paz-Pérez, Lorena Cudris-Torres

University students develop academic, emotional, and social skills, which allow them to moral development, however, they also present risk factors in mental health, which can be derived from educational, family, and compliance with social demands.

Association addictive behavior to social networks high school students: A study in Mexico. Francisco Javier Gutiérrez Sánchez, Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García

Addictive behavior to Social Networking Sites (SNS) has increased significantly in recent decades, whose psychological consequences have been the appearance of symptoms similar to any addictive process and also affects considerably in adolescence.

Online self-help programs to reduce psychological distress in mexican college students. Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García, Norma Amador Licona, Abraham Sánchez Ruiz, Pamela Lili Fernández Reyes

University students are a key group in society, in terms of human capital and social development. They constitute a risk group in the development of anxiety due to their psychological, social, and academic demands, therefore it is necessary to propose intervention alternatives in this population.

Psychometric properties of the family communication scale in colombian population. Lorena Cudris-Torres, Marly Johana Bahamón, José Julián Javela, Giselle Olivella-López, Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García, Libia Alvis Barranco, Maira A. López-Castellar, Jonattan Pumarejo Sánchez

Family communication establishes a vehicle for the transmission of information between family members and completely marks the nature and quality of family life. Family communication can be understood as an index of the climate and quality of the family system.

Sleep disturbances, mobile use and metabolic syndrome in college students. Juan Manuel Guízar Mendoza, Norma Amador Licona, Leticia Chacón Gutiérrez

Adolescents and young university students tend to sleep less than adults and children and this could be related to new lifestyles such as greater use of electronic devices and produce greater health risks.

Working memory, sustained attention and academic performance in students aged 14 to 16 at an educational institution in Valledupar. Pedro L. Medina-Pulido, Giselle Olivella-López, Carmen B. Araujo, Sandy Marcela Pérez Esmeral

The present research seeks to analyze the relationship between the variables working memory, sustained attention, and academic performance. We worked with a population of 32 young students whose ages range from 14 to 16 years, which are part of a private institution in the city of Valledupar, Colombia.

Validation and standardization of the Plutchik suicide risk scale in the civil population and active police in Colombia. Giselle Olivella-López, Diana Carolina Ramírez Ospina, Bertha Lucía Avendaño, Lorena Cudris-Torres, Pedro L. Medina-Pulido

Instrumental type study, whose objective was to determine and describe the psychometric characteristics of the Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale (PSRS) (1), in the version translated and validated in Spain (2).

Critical study of the written discourse of the suicide news published by a local newspaper in the city of Valledupar during 2015. Pedro L. Medina-Pulido, Frank J. Murcia-Donado, Carmen B. Araujo, Libia Alvis-Barranco, Giselle Olivella-López

The objective of the research was to carry out a critical study of the written discourse of suicide news in a local newspaper in the city of Valledupar during 2015, considering the recommendations delivered by the World Health Organization (WHO), to disseminate this type of acts. Quantitative descriptive research was carried out and the particular variables of analysis (suicide news) were systematized and established, based on the use of written language, the suicide news reported by the newspaper during the chosen year was analyzed.

Psychosocial suicide risk factors. Karla Patricia Valdés-García, Luis Miguel Sánchez-Loyo, Iris Rubí Monroy Velasco, Claudia Jocabed Carreón Márquez

Due to the number of deaths by suicide, it’s classified as a public health problem, and it is a multifactorial and dynamic problem, influenced by biological, psychological, social, cultural, and environmental factors. The study aimed to identify risk factors based on the proposal of the biopsychosocial model of suicide risk of Turecki by applying the psychological autopsy in three suicide cases in young people.

Barriers for implementing an intervention for substance using adolescents when adding a parent component. Kalina Isela Martínez Martínez, María Eugenia Contreras-Pérez, Eric F. Wagner

Research has shown that an intervention process with adolescents involving the parents may achieve better results since the interaction with the parents is a protective factor itself. The brief intervention program for adolescents starting substance use is an intervention used in Mexican clinical centers with adolescents who have experienced problems with their substance use but do not present dependency symptoms.

Individual and family motivational intervention for treatment of alcohol abuse. Iván López-Beltrán, Francisco Javier Pedroza-Cabrera, Kalina Isela Martínez-Martínez, José María de la Roca-Chiapas, Rodrigo Carranza-Jasso

Alcohol abuse is one of four non-communicable diseases that kill 70 % of the world’s population, damaging the individual and his family’s functionality. This project’s objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of family versus individual alcohol abuse intervention using a transtheoretical model and motivational interview.

Psychological resources and gaudiebility. Gloria Velia Reyna Barajas, Ferran Padrós Blázquez, Luis Fernando Copertari Isaacson

A correlational study to find out the relationship between the independent variables (psychological resources and gaudiebility) and the dependent variables (academic performance, stress, and risk behaviors) is developed and a Structural Equation Model (SEM) is proposed.

Implementation of motivational interview and dropout to treatment. Ana Lucía Jiménez Pérez, Kalina Isela Martínez Martínez, Eunice Vargas Contreras

Dropout is a recurring problem in psychological treatments, generally, it has been attributed to patient variables, however, these effects
are probably due to the therapist’s skills, therefore, since the Motivational Interview is a strategy that seeks to increase treatment adherence, it is necessary to evaluate the skills of the therapists.

The influence of personality and motives on highly HIV-adherent patients from Venezuela: Theoretical and structural equation analysis. Jesús F. Laborín Álvarez, Ronald González Mendoza, Marydela A. Torin Braz, José L. Ybarra Sagarduy

The practice of adherence behaviors in patients living with HIV is essential to keep viral load levels undetectable and to avoid complications associated with the disease. One of the most important influences for practicing such behaviors is the psychological factors.

Predictive model of social media and mobile phone’s problematic use: Impulsivity and social anxiety. Juan Ramón Becerra-Guajardo, José Luis Jasso-Medrano, Fuensanta López-Rosales

The number of social media and mobile phone users is constantly increasing. Researchers worldwide argue that studying the problematic use of these technologies is of the utmost importance to develop better interventions in the future. The study proposes a predictive model of problematic use of social media and mobile phones in relation to social anxiety the components of impulsivity and emotional regulation.

Eating disorders symptoms prevention program in Mexican children. Esteban Jaime Camacho Ruiz, María del Consuelo Escoto Ponce de León, Georgina Contreras Landgrave, Manuel Leonardo Ibarra Espinosa, Brenda Sarahi Cervantes Luna

In recent decades, eating disorders (ED) prevention programs have gained relevance due to the impact they have on people, especially on children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an eating disorder prevention program in children. Sixty elementary school children assigned to one of two conditions (control and intervention) participated, who answered three measures that assess: ED symptoms, the influence of body aesthetic model, and self-esteem, before and after an 8-session intervention, aimed at reducing the symptoms associated with eating disorders.

Ergogenic substances and drive for muscularity among gym users at different risk levels for muscle dysmorphia. Brenda Sarahi Cervantes-Luna, María del Consuelo Escoto Ponce de León, Esteban Jaime Camacho Ruíz

Many studies have investigated the association between ergogenic substance use and symptoms of eating disorders, but not with the muscle dysmorphia risk level. In this research, the practice of exercise, the use of anabolic steroids and nutrition supplements, among gym users at different risk levels for muscle dysmorphia, as well as the reasons for use were analyzed.

Gender, affectivity, and behaviors of psychosocial and health risk in adolescents of Tamaulipas, Mexico. Luz Adriana Orozco Ramírez, José Luis Ybarra Sagarduy, Adrián Alberto Andaverde Vega

Gender differences in the experience and handling of emotionally charged events and stimuli can be a factor in the prevalence of psychosocial and health risk behaviors in adolescents, but little has been studied about the interaction between gender, affectivity, and risk behaviors.

Psychological impact of labor mobbing in an automotive company in Guanajuato Mexico. Nancy Alejandra Vaca Rico, Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García

The mobbing is a problem of social relevance that has been increasing, given the evidence regarding the consequences and psychosocial risks, problems in interpersonal relationships and of a family, work nature, and organizations.


The clinical psychologist and evidence-based practice in Mexico: Passing fad or pressing need? Eunice Vargas-Contreras, Ana Lucía Jiménez-Pérez, Raúl Alejandro Gutiérrez-García, Kalina Isela Martínez-Martínez

Implementing Evidence-based practices entails a demand not only on the clinician and professional training but also a demand on the institutional economic, material, and human resources. Such demands can be either facilitators of the process or, in some cases, major barriers.

Fieldwork approaching in socially excluded participants of young neet. Raúl A. Gutiérrez-García, Kalina Isela Martínez Martínez, María de la Villa Moral Jiménez, Lorena Cudris-Torres, Rogaciano González-González, María Abigail Paz-Pérez

This article offers a reflection on how to approach the phenomenon of young people who neither study nor work with the intention of showing an alternative to perform the fieldwork procedure with the support of various qualitative methodological strategies and psychological clinical intervention.

Burden of disease in parents and caregivers of children and adolescents diagnosed with disability-related disorders. Cristian Camilo Concha Mendoza, Maria José Saballeth Miranda

A disability diagnosis will always impact the family and not only financially in terms of access to health services, but also at the emotional, mental, and psychological level. So it is worth asking What has been the contribution of research on the burden of the disease in parents and caregivers of children and adolescents diagnosed with disability-related disorders? This systematic review article will seek to answer this question, emphasizing the need to study this concept from Clinical Psychology based on a qualitative methodology.

Mental health components addressed in peace agreements for armed conflict completions in the world. Cristian Camilo Concha Mendoza, Rossana Ninoska Camelo Mendoza

It is known that there have been armed conflicts around the world that ended through a negotiated exit but ¿Have the mental health has been a central component in peace agreements for the termination of armed conflicts in different geographical areas around the world? This question will try to answered through a systematic review of representative conflicts around the world with a qualitative methodology.

Emotional responses, caring, self-care, and SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). Diana Ortega-Aponte, Astrid Rozo-Sánchez, Diego Rivera-Porras, Mabel García-Echeverri, Ginna Pérez-Reyes

Currently, the pandemic caused by COVID-19 and the various measures to stop the contagion has developed multiple crises in society. The work environment has been transformed, occupational diseases have increased, therefore, it was decided to analyze the information published on the current problem and it was found that according to statistics, depressive, panic, and stress disorders have increased, due to social isolation, the change in routine and new ways of exercising job responsibilities, leading to a decrease in people’s psychological well-being.

Mental health in times of pandemic: A literature review. Astrid Rozo-Sánchez, Diego Rivera-Porras, Ginna Pérez-Reyes, Mabel García-Echeverri, Claudia Carolina Cabrera-Gómez, Ruth Jimena López-Jaimes

Society is going through a pandemic because of COVID-19 originating in Wuhan (China), which has triggered crises in all the nations of the world, which has transformed daily life, due to the measures taken by governments to stop the increase in infections. However, isolation, quarantine, concern, and fear of contagion and/or death have directly affected mental health.

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