GM. Volumen 131, Suplemento Nº4. Agosto 2023






Comisiones Científicas para el bienio 2022-2024



Transforming Health in Indonesia: A Pathway to Sustainable Development

Ferry Efendi

Good health is a crucial aspect of human well-being and an important indicator of a nation’s progress. To achieve sustainable development in the healthcare industry of Indonesia, it is essential to address the social determinants of health. Factors such as poverty, education, housing, and clean water availability play a significant role in determining the overall health of individuals and communities. By implementing policies that address these determinants, Indonesia can create an environment that promotes healthy living and improves health outcomes. In addition, encouraging community engagement and participation in healthcare decision-making processes can empower individuals and create a sense of ownership in their health, ultimately contributing to the success of Indonesia’s health transformation.


Forming Factors of Family Immunity in Healthy Status and Confirmed COVID-19 Families

Nur Mukarromah, Achmad Zakaria

Background: Family COVID-19 immunity is an approach to responding to stressors and crises caused by COVID-19. This study aimed to analyze the factors that formed family immunity in healthy families with confirmed COVID-19. Methods: A case-control research design of two groups was carried out in August 2021 – March 2022 to analyze the factors forming family immunity in preventing COVID-19 infection, in Surabaya, Indonesia. One hundred four respondents were selected through convenience sampling. Data was collected using a family immunity questionnaire based on sub-variables 1) family belief system; 2) organizational patterns; 3) communication processes; and 4) controlling the spread of infectious disease. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square, and all statistical correlations were considered significant with p-value < 0.05.

Early Warning for Humans Regarding Contamination with Salmonella bacteria Originating from Duck

Reina Puspita Rahmaniar, Freshinta Jellia Wibisono, Khoirul Muhroni Aziz, Lusitania Darmayanti Ikeng, Dandi Ernando Syaputra, Zuriya Zuriya

Introduction: Pathogenic bacteria of the genus Salmonella are one of the leading causes of foodborne disease. Salmonella sp. are pathogenic bacteria excreted through feces from the digestive tract of animals and humans. These bacteria can contaminate food of animal origin, both from animals to humans and humans to animals. This study aimed to determine the presence of Salmonella in Surabaya duck farms. Methods: The research samples were taken from 24 duck eggs and 24 cloacal swabs. The criteria for the egg samples taken were newly hatched eggs.

Male Family Caregivers of Schizophrenic Patients have a Higher Risk of Hypertension and Lower Quality of Life : A Cross-Sectional Study

Chlara Yunita Prabawati, Reliani Reliani, Erfan Rofiqi, Septian Galuh Winata, Diah Priyantini

Background: A limited study has identified the essential information on the physical health of family caregivers with patients with schizophrenia in Indonesia. This study aimed to assess the correlations between blood pressure and quality of life in family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A retrospective and cross-sectional study design used convenience sampling conducted in several mental hospitals in Indonesia. Measurement of a calibrating sphygmomanometer and WHO Quality of Life-BRIEF were used to collect the data from the family caregiver. Participants received questionnaires and signed informed consent.

Relationship between Early Initiation Breastfeeding, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, and Nutritional Education with Nutritional Status of Children under Three years

Sa’diah Multi Karina, MeilinasariMeilinasari, Rosmida Magdalena Marbun, Fairuz Dhia Rabbani, Gurid Pramintarto Eko Mulyo, Tarjuman Tarjuman, Sugeng Wiyono

Introduction: Nutritional status according to the height-to-age index was influenced by many factors, such as maternal or child factors. Now, the government’s nutrition program focuses on the problem of malnutrition in toddlers, especially stunting. The study aimed to determine the relationship between a history of early initiation breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and nutrition education with the nutritional status of toddlers according to height-to-age index.

Factors Related to Maternal Readiness at Telehealth in Prenatal Care in Rural Areas of Indonesia

Sri Mulyati, Dewi Purwaningsih, Rika Resmana, Saur Sariaty

Introduction: Pregnancy is a physiological process, but if not managed properly it could become pathological. Telehealth is the use of information and telecommunications technology to support prenatal care. This study aimed to determine the factors related to maternal readiness at Telehealth Prenatal care in rural areas of Indonesia. Methods: This research method was a crossectional study. The respondents were 65 pregnant women in rural areas in Indonesia. Sampling was done with quota sampling. The variables of this study were the Readiness Factor and Readiness for Prenatal Telehealth. The data were analyzed using univariate data using frequency distribution and bivariate using the Chi-Square test.

Oral Combination of Vitamin B1, B6, and B12 Supplementation on CD4+ T Cell and IFN-γ in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients with First-Line Opioid agonist therapy

Yogi Khoirul Abror, Wiwin Wiryanti, Sulaeman Sulaeman

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a wasting or consumption disease which causes metabolic changes in tuberculosis patients. The metabolic changes that can occur are decreased appetite, micronutrient malabsorption, and malnutrition. The purpose of this research was to determine the differences in the result of an oral combination of vitamins B1, B6, and B12 supplementations on Interferon Gamma (IFN-γ) levels and CD4+ T-cell counts in pulmonary tuberculosis patients receiving first-line Opioid Agonist Therapy (OAT) compared to only OAT therapy.

Temperature and Time Optimization of pGEM-T Plasmid Transformation in Escherichia coli JM109

Fusvita Merdekawati, Jesicca Elisabeth Manurung, Betty Nurhayati

Introduction: The widely used method for transformation was the heat shock method, which was influenced by the time and temperature of heat shock treatment. However, there was a lack of research on the optimal temperature for pGEM-T plasmid
transformation in Escherichia coli JM109. This study uses the heat shock method to determine the optimum temperature and time for pGEM-T transformation in Escherichia coli JM109.

Anti-microbial Activities of Syzigium cumini leaves against Periodontophatic Bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis)

Yenni Hendriani Praptiwi, Yonan Heriyanto, Tri Widyastuti, Susi Sukmasari

Introduction: Syzigium cumini has been known to have an anti-microbial effect and is traditionally used as medicine for some human diseases. However, only a few studies were done on water extracts of these leaves. This study aimed to elucidate the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of water extract of Syzigium cumini leaves against Porphyromonas gingivalis that represent periodontopathic bacteria.

Effect of Moderate Intensity Activities and Soymilk Consumption on Decreasing Metabolic Syndrome Parameters

Nandang A Waluya, Bani Sakti, Yoseph Rohyadi, Parta Suhanda

Introduction: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Indonesia tends to increase. This MetS has an impact on increasing morbidity and mortality rates due to Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) such as coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Monitoring and controlling MetS is an important effort to be made in preventing the increase of NCDs. Simple and easy efforts include maintaining moderate activity in daily living and consuming soymilk while maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The purpose of the study was to analyze the effect of daily moderate-intensity activity and soymilk consumption on MetS parameters.

Factors Related to Parents’ Intention in Vaccination of Human Papillomavirus for Their Daughter aged 11-12 Years.

Rahayu Dwikanthi, Mamat Mamat, Lia Komalasari, Meti Lestari, Sri Agustin

Introduction: The knowledge that persistent Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer has resulted in the development of prophylactic vaccines to prevent HPV infection and HPV assays that detect nucleic acids of the virus. Thus, effective protection is to provide HPV vaccination in young women (<12 years). Besides the child wanting to be vaccinated, the intention of the parents is also very important in deciding whether their girls are going to be vaccinated against HPV or not. The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to parents’ intention to vaccinate Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) for their daughters aged 11-12 years.

Hardiness Personality and Family Support for Women’s Quality of Life with Breast Cancer

Supatmi Supatmi, Reliani Reliani, Raden Khairiyatul Afiyah, Ernawati Ernawati

Introduction: Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment can lead to psychological changes such as stress and depression, which significantly impact the quality of life. Psychological hardiness and family support are two necessary health-elevating factors that strengthen individuals to remain both psychologically and physically healthy despite encountering negative life events such as breast cancer. Objective: This study investigated the relationship between hardiness personality and family support on the quality of life in women with breast cancer.

Effect of Crispy Catfish and Red Beans on Increasing the Hemoglobin Level of Young Women with Anemia

Widi Hastuti, Gurid Pramintarto Eko Mulyo, Mimin Aminah, Widartika Widartika, Syarif Assalam, Shilka Amelia, Muna Nur Aeni

Introduction: Women have the highest risk of suffering anemia, especially young women. One way to prevent anemia in adolescents is to increase the intake of food sources of protein and iron. One of the food sources of protein is catfish. Red beans as a vegetable source that contains iron and is high in fiber. Crispy catfish and red beans are food products that are processed, served attractively, and have a long shelf. The study aimed to determine the effect of crispy catfish and red beans on increasing hemoglobin (Hb) levels in young women with anemia.

Multi-Dimensional Impact of Cyber Gender-Based Violence: Examining Physical, Mental, Social, Cultural, and Economic Consequences

A’im Matun Nadhiroh, Eko Winarti, Annisa’ Wigati Rozifa, Noer Saudah

Background: The Internet, especially social media, is also at risk of being misused and triggering violence against humans. Gender-based violence (GBV) facilitated by new technologies is a phenomenon that increasingly affects the privacy and safety of women and girls in and out of cyberspace. This study aimed to describe the physical, mental, social, cultural, and economic impacts of gender-based violence of cyber. Methods: This study used a descriptive survey. The population of this study was adolescents in the East Java region; the sample size was 480 adolescents selected using a purposive sampling technique, with the following criteria: adolescents aged 12-25 years and willing to be respondents.

Effect of ACTH4-10pro8-gly9-pro10 on malondialdehyde and F2-isoprostane 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2a expression in rat spinal cord injury

Rifqi Aulia Destiansyah, Eko Agus Subagio, Muhammad Arifin Parenrengi, Budi Utomo, Muhammad Faris, Abdul Hafid Bajamal, Diaz Syafrie Abdillah

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord caused mainly by trauma resulting in major motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunctions. This experimental study aims to assess the effect of ACTH4-10Pro8-Gly9-Pro10 administration in rats with mild and severe compression injuries on the levels of malondialdehyde and F2-isoprostane 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2α levels. Methods: Mild and severe spinal cord compression was performed on 27 subjects. They were divided into three groups of samples with control included, 3 and 6 h after the injury.

Profile of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar 2011 – 2021

Cita Nurinsani Akhmad, Nova Audrey Luetta Pieter, Sutji Pratiwi Rahardjo

Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is Indonesia’s most common head and neck malignancy. NPC presents non-specific signs and symptoms, which lead to a late or missed diagnosis. Early detection and prevention are essential based on the NPC profile. Objective: This study aimed to assess NPC’s sociodemographic and clinical characteristics in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar 2011 – 2021.

Correlation of HbA1c with Ratio of Total Cholesterol/HDL, LDL/HDL, TG/HDL and Apolipoprotein B / Apolipoprotein A-1 Ratio in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Irmawati, Liong Boy Kurniawan, Uleng Bahrun, Himawan Sanusi, Nursin Abdul Kadir, Burhanuddin Bahar

Background: The lipid and Apo B/Apo A-1 ratios may be considered additional risk factor assessments, especially in patients with a high risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as diabetes. Blood glucose level can be assessed by measuring glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), which is used as a long-term control and monitoring. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between HbA1c with lipid ratio and Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A-1 ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Effect of Dangke consumption on body weight, blood glucose, and total cholesterol in rats subjected to high-fat and fructose diet

Ahmad, Syahrijuita Kadir, Ratmawati Malaka, Ilhamuddin, Gita Vita Soraya, Marhaen Hardjo

Obesity occurs due to an imbalance in caloric intake, leading to excess fat accumulation in adipose tissue. This condition is associated with hyperglycemia and abnormal lipid levels. Dangke, a traditional Indonesian cheese, contains lactic acid bacteria and bioactive peptides known for their health benefits. This study aims to assess the effects of dangke consumption on body weight, glucose, and total cholesterol levels in rats subjected to a high-fat and fructose diet (HFFD). This research employed an experimental laboratory design. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats, with weights ranging from 100 to 200 g, were divided into six groups, each consisting of four rats. Group 1 (ND) (received a normal diet. Group 2 (HFFD) was provided with a high-fat and fructose diet).

Relationship between anxiety and sleep quality in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy at Dr. M. Djamil Central Public Hospital

Weny Amelia, Ria Desnita, Fitria Alisa, Lola Despitasari

Introduction: Cancer is a disease caused by abnormal division and growth of body tissue cells, so these cells turn into cancer cells which are harmful to the body. One of the treatments for cancer patients is chemotherapy. The impact of chemotherapy in cancer patients on the psychological aspects of experiencing anxiety and disrupting sleep quality. This study aimed to determine the relationship between anxiety and sleep quality in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy at Dr. M. Djamil Central Public Hospital. Methods: The type of research used is an analytic survey using a cross-sectional study design. The sample was 90 respondents with the sampling technique is accidental sampling.


Relationship between self-efficacy with self-management and quality of life among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A systematic review

Emilia Erningwati Akoit, Ferry Efendi, Yulis Setiya Dewi, Santo Imanuel Tonapa

Objective: Self-efficacy is one aspect predicted to influence the self-management of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. Low self-efficacy will impact DM patients’ motivation to carry out self-care, causing uncontrolled blood glucose levels and decreasing the quality of life. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self-efficacy, self-management, and quality of life in type 2 DM patients using a systematic review.


Isolated fungal sinusitis of the sphenoid sinus – A case report

Muhammad Fadjar Perkasa

Introduction: Isolated sphenoidal fungal sinusitis is a rare disease, representing 3% of all sinusitis cases. The disease usually occurs together with other paranasal sinus infections. Viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections can cause sinusitis. Fungal infection of the sphenoidal sinuses is rarely diagnosed, as it has no characteristic symptoms and is not much different from bacterial or other sinusitis infections. The diagnosis of fungal sphenoid sinusitis is based on history taking, physical examination, and supporting examination. The therapy aims to reduce sinus cavity inflammation, improve drainage, and overcome the pressure on the sinuses that cause painful symptoms. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) is a surgical technique on the paranasal sinuses using an endoscope that aims to improve ventilation and mucociliary clearance of the sinuses.

Academia Nacional de Medicina